Ny rasestandard

Rasestandarden for irsk ulvehund er revidert for tredje gang i rasens historie.  De viktigste delene av revisjonen er å fjerne referanser til andre raser, som ofte har endret seg betydelig siden standarden først ble skrevet og endringer i minstemål for størrelse og vekt.

Nedenfor er endringene markert med kursiv. Det som er fjernet er markert med overstryking.

Den nye standarden er vedtatt av den irske kennelklubben og sendt inn til FCI for godkjenning, men er ikke implementert der ennå. Inntil revisjonen er godkjent, er den gjeldende standarden revisjonen fra 2001 som ligger her.

The Irish Wolfhound

Revised Standard 3.8.2015

Country of Origin: Ireland

Date of publication of the original valid standard: 13.03.2001

Utilization: Up to the end of the 17th century, Irish Wolfhounds where used for hunting wolves and deer in Ireland. They were also used for hunting the wolves that infested large areas of Europe before the forests were cleared.

Classifications FCI:
Group 10 Sighthounds.
Section 2 Rough-haired Sighthounds.
Without working trial.

Brief historical summary: We know the continental Celts kept a greyhound probably descended from the greyhound first depicted in Egyptian paintings. Like their continental cousins, the Irish Celts were interested in breeding large hounds. These large Irish hounds could have had smooth or rough coats, but in later times, the rough coat predominated possibly because of the Irish climate. The first written account of these dogs was by a Roman Consul 391 A.D. but They were already established in Ireland in the first century A.D. when Setanta changed his name to CuChulainn (The hound of Culann). Mention is made of the Uisneach (1st century) taking 150 hounds with them in their flight to Scotland. Irish hounds undoubtedly formed the basis of the Scottish Deerhound.

Pairs of Irish hounds were prized as gifts by the Royal houses of Europe, Scandinavia and elsewhere from the Middle ages to the 17th century. They were sent to England, Spain, France, Sweden, Denmark, Persia, India and Poland. In the15th century each county in Ireland was required to keep 24 wolfdogs to protect farmers’ flocks from the ravages of wolves. 

In the 15th century each county in Ireland was required to keep 24 wolfdogs to protect farmers flocks from the ravages of wolves. Pairs of Irish hounds were prized as gifts from the middle ages onwards. They were sent to the Royal houses of amongst others, England, Spain, France, Sweden, Denmark, Persia, India and Poland.

The Cromwllian prohibition (1652) on the export of Wolfhounds from Ireland helped preserve their number for a time but the gradual disappearance of the wolf and continued demand abroad reduced their numbers almost to the point of extinction by the end of the 17th century.

The revival of interest in the breed accompanied the growth of Irish nationalism in the late 19th century as the Irish Wolfhound became a living symbol of Irish culture and the Celtic past.

At this time, one determined enthusiast, Capt. G A Graham, set about obtaining some of the few remaining hounds of the Wolfhound type that could still be found in Ireland, and with the use of Deerhound blood and the occasional outcross of Borzoi and Great Dane, he eventually achieved a type of dog that bred true in every generation. The results were ultimately accepted as a legitimate revival of the breed. The Irish Kennel Club scheduled a class for Irish Wolfhounds at their show in April 1879, and a club was formed in 1885. The Irish Wolfhound now enjoys once again something of the reputation that it had in the Middle Ages. Wolfhounds are now owned and bred in fairly large numbers outside of Ireland.

The breed had been maintained in the early 19th century by enthusiasts such as Capt. Richardson, Sir John Power of Kilfane, Mr. Baker of Ballytobing and Mr. Mahony of Dromore. Starting in 1862 Capt. G. A. Graham obtained some of the few remaining hounds of the Wolfhound type that could still be found in Ireland and with the use of Deerhound blood lines, the occasional outcross of Borzoi and some lines that included the progeny of the Great Dane he eventually achieved a type of dog that bred true in every generation. Graham recorded the pedigrees in his book «Irish Wolfhound Pedigrees 1859-1906». In parallel to this work breeding of pure bred wolfhounds continued both in Ireland and in the UK. Their combined efforts were accepted as a legitimate revival of the breed. 

The Kennel Club in Ireland first scheduled a class for Irish Wolfhounds at their Show in Dublin in April 1879 and a club was formed in 1885.

The Irish Wolfhound now enjoys once again something of the reputation it had in the middle ages. The Irish Wolfhound is now owned and bred worldwide.

General appearance: The Irish Wolfhound should not be quite so heavy or massive as the Great Dane, but more so than the Deerhound, which in general type he should otherwise resemble.

 The largest and tallest of the sight-hounds, he is a rough-coated greyhound-like breed. Of great size and commanding appearance, very muscular, strongly, though gracefully built, movements easy and active; head and neck carried high proudly carried; the tail carried with an upward sweep with a slight curve towards the extremity. The tail should be carried lower than the level of the back.

Great size, including height at shoulder and proportionate length of body, is the desideratum to be aimed at, and it is desired to firmly establish a race that shall average 32 inches (81 cm) to 34 inches (86 cm) in dogs have a minimum of 81 cm (32 inches) in dogs, showing the requisite power, activity, courage and symmetry.

Behaviour and temperament:

«Lambs at home, lions in the chase».

The flower of all his race
So true, so brave – a lamb at home. A lion in the chase (The Irish Hound of Llewelyn 1210 AD)

He is out-going and genial with other dogs and people, determined in the chase, a loyal companion.

Head: Long and level, carried high, proudly carried; the frontal bones of the forehead very slightly raised and very little indentation between the eyes.

Cranial region:

Skull: Not too broad

Facial region:
Muzzle: Long and moderately pointed.
Teeth: Scisccor bite ideal, level acceptable.
Eyes: Dark.
Ears: Small, rose ears (Greyhound like in carriage). , set on high.

Neck: Rather long, very strong and muscular, well arched, without dewlap or loose skin about the throat.

Body: Long, well ribbed up.
Back: Rather long than short.
Loins: Slightly arched
Croup: Great breadth across hips
Chest: Very deep, moderately broad, breast wide.
Ribs: Well sprung
Belly: Well drawn up

Tail: Long and slightly curved, of moderate thickness, well covered with hair and should be carried lower than the level of the back.

Limbs

Forequarters:
Shoulders: Muscular, giving breadth of chest, set sloping.
Elbows: Well under, neither turned inwards nor outwards.
Forearm: Muscular, heavily boned, quite straight with slight spring of pastern.

Hindquarters:
Thighs: Long and muscular
Stifle: Nicely bent.
Second thigh: Well muscled, long and strong.
Hocks: Well let down and turning neither in nor out.

Feet: Moderately large and round, neither turned inward nor outwards. Toes, well arched and closed. Nails, very strong and curved.

Gait/Movement: Movements easy and active with good reach and drive.

Coat:
Hair: 
Rough and hard on body, legs and head; especially wiry. Hair over eyes and beard especially wiry.
Colour and markings: The recognised colours are grey, brindle, red, black, pure white, fawn, or any colour that appears in the Deerhound wheaten.

Size and weight:
Desired height: 
averaging 32 inches (81cm) to 34 inches (86cm) in dogs. Ranging from 84cm (33 inches) in dogs.
Minimum height: Dogs 81cm (32 inches) 31 inches (79 cm).
Minimum weight: Dogs 57 kg (125 lbs) 120 punds (54.5 kg)
Minimum height: Bitches 76cm (30 inches) 28 inches (71 cm)
Minimum weight: Bitches 50kg (110 lbs) 90 pounds (40.5 kg).

These apply to mature hounds.

Faults:

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

  • Too light or too heavy a head.
  • Too highly arched frontal bone.
  • Narrow underjaw, misplaced canine teeth.
  • Crooked forelegs; weak pasterns.
  • Weak hindquarters and a general want of muscle.
  • Too short in body.
  • Back sunken or hollow or quite straight.
  • Large ears and hanging flat to the face.
  • Twisted feet.
  • Spreading toes.
  • Short neck; full dewlap.
  • Chest too narrow or too broad.
  • Tail excessively curled.
  • Nose of any colour other than black.
  • Lips of any colour other than black.
  • Very light eyes. Pink or liver coloured eyelids.
  • Any signs of nervousness or aggression.

Disqualifying faults:

  • Aggressive or overly shy dogs
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

Note: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Only functionally and cliniclly healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.